By Isamu Nouchi (auth.), Kenji Omasa Ph.D., Hiharu Saji Ph.D., Shohab Youssefian Ph.D., Noriaki Kondo Ph.D. (eds.)
Air toxins is ubiquitous in industrialized societies, inflicting a bunch of environmental difficulties. it's therefore necessary to video display and decrease pollutants degrees. a couple of plant species already are being exploited as detectors (for phytomonitoring) and as scavengers (for phytoremediation) of air pollution. With advances in biotechnology, it really is now possible to switch vegetation for a much broader diversity of phytomonitoring and phytoremediation functions. pollution and Plant Biotechnology provides fresh leads to this box, together with plant responses in the course of phytomonitoring, pollution-resistant plant species, imaging prognosis of plant responses, and using novel transgenic crops, in addition to studies of uncomplicated plant body structure and biochemistry the place applicable. Researchers and scholars operating in plant biotechnology and the environmental sciences or contemplating new components of research will locate this quantity a worthy reference.
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Extra info for Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology: Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation
3 Forest Decline Symptoms of a new type of damage to forest trees first appeared in West Germany in the late 1970s, initially on silver fir, Abies alba, and then on Norway spruce, Picea abies. For example, Norway spruce trees showed symptoms such as yellowing and early loss of needles, loss of fine roots, and decreased growth, leading to premature death. This phenomenon is currently widespread in Europe and North America, but the causes are complex and controversial. The complexity of plant-environment interactions, including the acid precipitation phenomena, in the forest decline problem was reviewed by Schlitt and Cowling (1985) from both a historical perspective as well as on the basis of common symptoms, and five hypotheses on its causes were presented: 1.
These facts indicate that PAN may cause damage to plants through reactions between PAN and some components of the plant photochemical pathway (Dugger et al. 1963) and that the requirement for light is most likely related to the oxidation of SH groups of a photoreducible 18 I. Nouchi protein (Ziegler 1973). Furthermore, Wellburn (1994b) has proposed that light initiates the formation of additional free radicals, which then overwhelm the antioxidant mechanisms. 5. Nitrogen Oxides Of the several oxides of nitrogen that may be found in the atmosphere, including nitrogen dioxide (N0 2), nitric oxide (NO), nitrous oxide (N20), nitrogen trioxide (N2 0 3), and nitrogen pentoxide (N20 S), the most serious air pollutants are N0 2 and NO.
In: De Kok U, Stulen I, Rennenberg H, Brunold C, Rauser WE (eds) Sulfur nutrition and sulfur assimilation in higher plants. SPB Academic, The Hague, pp 295-313 De Kok U, Stulen I (eds) (1998) Responses of plant metabolism to air pollution and global change. Backhuys, Leiden. Dorminy PJ, Heath RL (1985) Inhibition of the K+ -stimulated ATPase of the plasmalemma of pinto bean leaves by ozone. Plant Physiol 77:43-45 Dugger WM Jr, Mudd JB, Koukol J (1965) Effect of PAN on certain photosynthetic reactions.