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By W. Sidney Allen

In Vox Latina and Vox Graeca Professor Allen used to be involved basically with the pronunciation of the person vowels and consonants of classical Latin and Greek. during this significant paintings he analyses intensive and intimately the entire prosodic positive factors of those languages: size of vowels and volume of syllables, accessory, pitch, tension and 'rhythm', with specific recognition to their manifestations in verse. the outline and clarification of such positive factors increase theoretical difficulties of very normal value and Professor Allen devotes the 1st a part of the e-book to the institution of the phonetic ideas required as a body of reference for the categorical discussions of Latin and Greek. Parallels are pointed out from a few different languages, together with English. it is a booklet of everlasting value for college kids of classical languages and literatures and likewise for metricians, phoneticians and basic linguists.

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Additional resources for Accent and Rhythm: Prosodic Features of Latin and Greek: A Study in Theory and Reconstruction

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Experimental evidence seems to suggest that ‘ the perception of syllable structure . . is based mainly on kinaesthetic m em ory’ (Fry 1964, 218) - that, in other words, the speaker interprets what he hears not on a directly auditory basis, but b y referring it to the movements which he would perform as speaker in order to produce the given audible effect. ), the syllabic process, however clearly felt in its entirety, and in spite of its possibly functioning as the prime ‘ unit of motor control’ (Fry 1964, 219; cf.

The general criticism by Newton (1971) S3)· l n fact the particular phenomenon probably has much more complex grammatical motivations than Kiparsky et al. realize: see now Kurylowicz 1968a; Watkins 1970 (who remarks (57) of Kiparsky’s proposal that ‘ This seems merely a displacement of the problem, not a solution’); *Campbell 1971, 19s £; Collinge 1971, 257; cf. 2. 2 See pp. , and Garde 1968, 146. 3 Cf. 9. 20 The general and. theoretical background them to be features o f performance, should really have been incorpor­ ated in the grammatical rules’ .

A ny detailed theory of the phonetic nature of the syllable, therefore, must look elsewhere for its inspiration. In choosing between rival theories one will of course require that an acceptable theory should not be actually counterintuitive, but apart from this one’s choice will depend on the scope of its effectiveness, as judged by such criteria as universality of application, or explanatory power in relation to other phenomena. R E S P IR A T O R Y T H E O R Y O f the phonetic theories of the syllable proposed in the course of the last hundred years, the principal may be classified as respiratory, articulatory, and acoustic.

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