By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman objectives and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities whilst they try to the dying over scraps from the desk of the overseas drug alternate. yet John Hagedorn, traditionally, additionally reveals wish within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, cohesion, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he continues the desire tradition of resistance will eventually succeed over the forces of self-destruction. no matter if one stocks his optimism or now not, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the realm might be made up our minds at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A global of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and goals of hundreds of thousands of rebellious formative years round the planet. it really is an vital paintings to appreciate the realm we are living in and crucial examining for college kids of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than one billion those who now dwell in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous beneficial properties of way of life. even though nonetheless such a lot heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, all over the world phenomenon that play an important function in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to spiritual and political violence. In a global of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang by reason of the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 global cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a technique to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. particularly, Hagedorn unearths, the nihilistic attraction of gangsta rap and its highway ethic of survival “by any capability necessary” presents important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs world wide. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful word. providing ways that gangs can be inspired to beat their violent traits, Hagedorn appeals to group leaders to take advantage of the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang existence and hip-hop as a way to deliver gangs into broader routine for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of felony justice on the college of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the international urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and other people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Extra resources for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
1 Such histories are memorized by gang members in prison and handed down from veteran Original Gangsters (“OGs”) to eager young recruits. ”4 Myths aside, the origins of gangs in all three cities can be found in the social movements of the 1960s, a time that plays an important role in my overall narrative. In both Chicago and Rio de Janeiro, the crushing of social movements by the state resulted in the incarceration of political leaders and gang members alike. But while the 1960s revolutionary movements were smashed in Chicago and Rio, the gangs in both cities got stronger.
Of dynamic leaders” or sustained only by proﬁts from drug sales. 34 This belief persists despite organizational performance,35 since it is essentially cultural, not rational, and handed down as tradition through generations. 36 Q. If you cut oﬀ the head of the gang, will the body die? A. There’s more than one head in everything. There ain’t no drug spot that I know of that’s only one person and that’s the main person. You need more than one person. Just because of a situation like that. What if he gets caught, goes to jail, you can’t do that.
Cities in the last few decades, as well as in Europe and the third world. Moreover, the gangs of Chicago, Cape Town, or Rio de Janeiro are also similar to other kinds of armed groups. In fact, gangs can often quickly morph into an ethnic militia, a fundamentalist paramilitary group, or a drug cartel. chapter 3 The Problem with Deﬁnitions: The Questionable Uniqueness of Gangs We didn’t call ourselves gangs. We called ourselves clubs or clicas. —l u i s r o d r i g u e z , Always Running How does one make sense of this description of gangs in Kano, Nigeria?