Download A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525 by L. R. Poos PDF

By L. R. Poos

A Rural Society after the Black loss of life is a research of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black demise (1348-1349), a selected monetary setting affected traditional people's lives within the components of migration, marriage and employment, and likewise contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval lower than scrutiny is usually obvious as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the mild of contemporary advances in English old demography, this research means that there has been extra continuity than swap in a few severely very important points of social constitution within the quarter in query. one of the most vital contributions of the booklet are its use of an unprecedentedly wide variety of unique manuscript documents (estate and manorial files, taxation and criminal-court files, royal tenurial files, and the files of church courts, wills etc.) and its program of present quantitative and comparative demographic equipment.

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5 (Great Waltham rental, 1328): ' . . '. As noted below (Chapter 4), tenementum in north-central Essex usually denoted a messuage-site, plus outbuildings and attached gardens, though this probably cannot be presumed in all cases, so property described as such has also been classified 'unquantifiable' here. 2 all permit larger standardised holdings like virgates to be expressed in acreages, thus further making it likely that these 'unquantifiable' units are mostly small. 2 follows the guidelines in Poos, 'Population and resources', pp.

13-20. Middleton, 1309: BL MS Harley 1006 fos. 20-29V. 32. Great Waltham, 1328: BL Cotton Ch. 5. Margaretting (Fristling Hall), 1340: ERO D/DP M1411. People, land and occupations 17 [peciam] of land or a 'corner' [angulum], for example)17 that may generally be taken as implying in most cases very small holdings. 1 presents seven rentals from the sixty years before 1348, at the culmination of centuries of aggregate demographic growth in England at large. Although tenancy-size distributions were not absolutely uniform from manor to manor there was in fact a remarkably similar landholding profile in all these communities, from the quite small to the quite large.

78 (Middlesex and London). 1. Essex 1377: population densities from poll-tax returns Though the surviving data do not cover the entire county, when they are examined in this way they uncover a revealing picture. Population density was relatively low in the southeastern coastal marshes and in the wooded and heavy-clayland region in the south of the county. But it is also apparent that there was a thickly peopled band of townships running through the central and into the northern areas, covering much of the district at the heart of this study and extending northward into East Anglia.

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