By Thomas Rowland
Excerpt from A Grammar of the Welsh Language in accordance with the main authorized platforms: With Copious Examples From probably the most right Welsh Writers
This Essay, independently of its intrinsic worthy, advantages nice compliment, as being the 1st normal try and clarify the foundations of Welsh Syntax. In giving definitions of issues belonging to common Grammar, and in showing correspondence of idiom among the Welsh and the Latin and Greek languages, a lot aid was once additionally derived from Zumpt, Key, Arnold, Matthiæ, and Kühner.
All will permit Welsh Grammar, more suitable to any of these which have been hitherto released, is particularly a lot wanted; yet even if the current paintings surpasses its predecessors, needs to be made up our minds through the reader. will probably be obvious, there's no doubt, that many deficiencies exist during this creation, and that its shortcomings are a number of. even if, should still a moment version be referred to as for, it truly is was hoping that those deficiencies might be amended, error rectified, and lots of observations additional that have now been passed over, owing in part to need of time, and in part to need of information. And with this view it might be deemed a kindness if Welsh critics could, both publicly or privately, favour me with tricks, emendations, and feedback, in order that i could be enabled to ship forth a moment variation extra systematic, extra excellent, and extra complete.
It is my responsibility to country that i'm less than very nice responsibilities to the Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B. D., Vice-Principal and train of Jesus university, Oxford, for the type suggestions he has rendered me, either in having a look over the paintings prior to it used to be despatched to the Printer, and in correcting the proof-sheets whereas passing in the course of the press. have been it now not for him, and the Rev. William Briscoe, M. A., Fellow of Jesus university, it's uncertain even if the e-book might ever were released: and if the reader derives any enjoy the Grammar, he, without doubt, will subscribe to me in acknowledging our gratitude to those Gentlemen.
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Extra resources for A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers
C bee. ETYMOLOGY. 34: Moron, moronyn or moryii, a carrot. Eirin, eirinen or eiren, a plum. or rhwnen, a pear. Khwuyn, rhwnyiaen Cyll (rt) makes coUen, hazel-tree ; and n makes (men, asli-tree. (b) Cf. Arm. Bleo, haÌ7; sing, bleven ; colo, straw, sing, coloen oak, sing, (leruen ; fan, leans, sing, fauen. ; ciero, GEXDER OF NOUNS. Nouns are either of the masculine or feminine gender. The Welsh language does not recognise what is called the 133. ' ' (a) "Thus the masculine gender is given to substantives, which are conspicuous for the attributes of energy, and of acting upou and communicating to others.
Cestyll One formed by vowel-inflections, and another by vowel- inflections and adding a termination. Sant, saint, pi. saint Bardd, bard, Ty, house, pi. tai Cloch, bell, Maen, stone, Gafr, goat, c) pynt or pontydfl. jjI. pi. estyll Padell, pan, b) pi. \)\. By taking j)l. pi. pi. makes in pi. or seintiaii. beirdd or beirddion. or teiau. clycli or clychau. main or meini. geifr, gafrod, or geifrod. difí'erent terminations. The terminations mentioned under § 116 were formerly indiff'erently applied but popular custom has coniined this to almost all nouns liberty, admitting of but one termination to the majority of Welsh words.
Or astellod. or castelli. pi. pedyll or padelli. pi. cestyll One formed by vowel-inflections, and another by vowel- inflections and adding a termination. Sant, saint, pi. saint Bardd, bard, Ty, house, pi. tai Cloch, bell, Maen, stone, Gafr, goat, c) pynt or pontydfl. jjI. pi. estyll Padell, pan, b) pi. \)\. By taking j)l. pi. pi. makes in pi. or seintiaii. beirdd or beirddion. or teiau. clycli or clychau. main or meini. geifr, gafrod, or geifrod. difí'erent terminations. The terminations mentioned under § 116 were formerly indiff'erently applied but popular custom has coniined this to almost all nouns liberty, admitting of but one termination to the majority of Welsh words.