Download A Fair Days Wage for a Fair Days Work? (Studies in Labour by Sheila Blackburn PDF

By Sheila Blackburn

The character of sweating and the origins of low pay laws are of primary social, monetary and ethical value. even if tough to outline, sweating, in accordance with a opt for committee proven to enquire the difficulty, used to be characterized by means of lengthy hours, bad operating stipulations and notably by means of low pay. via the start of the 20 th century the govt predicted that as much as a 3rd of the British staff may be classed as sweated labour, and for the 1st time in a century started to take into consideration introducing laws to deal with the problem.Whilst historians have written a lot on unemployment, poverty reduction and different such comparable social and commercial concerns, rather little paintings has been performed at the factors, quantity and personality of sweated labour. That paintings which has been performed has tended to target the tailoring trades in London and Leeds, and fails to offer a extensive evaluate of the phenomenon and the way it built and altered over time.In distinction, this quantity adopts a wide nationwide and long-run technique, offering a extra holistic figuring out of the topic. Rejecting the argument that sweating used to be in basic terms a London or gender comparable challenge, it paints an image of a common and continuously transferring development of sweated labour around the kingdom, that used to be to ultimately convince the govt to introduce laws within the type of the 1909 Trades Board Act. It used to be this act, meant to wrestle sweated labour, which was once to shape the cornerstone of low pay laws, and the barrier to the advent of a minimal salary, for the subsequent ninety years.

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51 MC, Letter VIII, 13 November 1849, in Thompson and Yeo, Unknown Mayhew, pp. 147–52. 52 MC, Letter XI, 23 November 1849, in Thompson and Yeo, Unknown Mayhew, pp. 167–78. 53 Rogers, ‘“The good are not always powerful”’, p. 599. A Fair Day’s Wage for a Fair Day’s Work? 26 living. ’54 He condemned shirt making and government contract work for uniforms as the worst sweated work of all. 56 On the whole, though, Mayhew was not primarily concerned with helpless, female workers. The major focus of his study was how sweating impinged on small groups of male artisans such as tailors, boot and shoemakers, carpenters and joiners.

Chimes, ‘“Wanted: 1000 spirited young milliners”: the fund for promoting female emigration’, in Harris, Famine and Fashion, pp. 229–32. John Leech’s cartoon: ‘Needlewoman at home and abroad’, Punch, 12 January 1850, p. 15, also recommended emigration. A diptych, it contrasted, a needlewoman’s prospects: in England she is an isolated and starving city dweller; in Australia she is well fed, prosperous, and surrounded by contented children and a husband. See Figure 2. 72 The passage for each woman was estimated at £15.

89 Mackaye, probably Kingsley’s best character, was modelled on Carlyle: Thorp, Charles Kingsley, p. 73. 90 Kingsley, Alton Locke, chs 8 and 41. , ch. 35. , pp. 141–2. 93 U. Pope-Hennessy, Canon Charles Kingsley (London, 1948), p. 92. 88 A Fair Day’s Wage for a Fair Day’s Work? 95 In many ways, the novel was a dramatised and more subtle version of ‘Cheap clothes and nasty’. 98 But in order to heighten the fear of infection, Kingsley transformed Cooper from a Leicester shoemaker into a Bermondsey tailor.

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