Download A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon PDF

By Christopher Corèdon

An curiosity within the heart a long time frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a notice or time period which isn't understood or merely imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of genuine support to normal readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislations and executive, and plenty of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are usually present in glossy books of background of the interval; equally, the proper that means of outdated English and center English phrases could elude trendy reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that realizing the beginning and evolution of a be aware offers a greater figuring out. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this day, one other relief to clarifying which means. CHRISTOPHER COREDON has additionally compiled the Dictionary of Cybernyms. Dr ANN WILLIAMS, ancient advisor at the venture, was once until eventually her retirement Senior Lecturer in medieval heritage on the Polytechnic of North London.

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OE bere = barley + ton = an enclosure] – Cf. next Barton 2. e. one reserved for the lord’s own use. Barton is still found in many placenames. [< OE bere = barley + ton = an enclosure] – Cf. previous; Caput honoris Baselard. A *dagger worn from a waist-band or girdle; frequently forbidden (in the 13–14c) to beneficed *clergy by Church councils. Basilisk. A reptile of fable, whose breath was fatal; it was hatched by a serpent from a cock’s egg. [< Gr. basiliskos = a serpent] – Cf. Cockatrice Basinet [bascinet, basnet].

The order fell out of fashion until the early 18c, when it was revived by the then *Garter King of Arms. Batillagium. The fee for hiring a boat. [< ME batelle = a boat or barge] – Cf. -agium Baton 1. A stick used as a weapon; also, a sword made from whale-bone, used as a practice weapon in a *tournament when wounding was frowned upon. – Cf. Baleen; Béhourd; Joust of peace Baton 2. Her. An *ordinary like a *truncheon used to indicate bastardy, known as ‘baton *sinister’ or *‘bar sinister’. Battle.

Modern term for a document that has become separated 42 a dictionary of medieval terms and phrases from others it was originally associated with. Often enough such documents can be placed in the appropriate department by the style of writing which had been used, clerks being taught the house style. Blockhouse. A building (often timbered) separate from the main defences but fortified; a building designed to block access. Blood-letting. The practice of blood-letting or bleeding (phlebotomy) was general throughout the medieval period.

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